Physicians who specialize
in rehabilitation medicine are called Physiatrists (fizz-ee-at'-trists).
Physiatrists provide rehabilitation medical care to people whose physical
function capacity is limited by the consequences of injury, disease, or
congenital disorder. Physiatrists team with other physicians and rehabilitation
professionals such as nurses, physical therapists, occupational therapists,
psychologists, prosthetists and orthotists to provide the interdisciplinary
care needed to increase the functional abilities of people with disabilities.
provides care to people who need to be fitted with an artificial limb
(prosthesis) to replace a missing extremity, or need a custom-made orthopedic
brace (orthosis) fitted to a disabled spine or extremity. Professional
practice includes assessment of patient needs, recommendation of prescriptions,
and the fabrication, fitting and evaluation of the prosthesis or orthosis.
In addition to functioning in the clinical setting as an active member
of the professional health care team, the Prosthetist-Orthotist is responsible
for educating patients, their families, other health care professionals
and the public about prosthetic and orthotic care and services.
is an emerging field involved with the design, development and application
of assistive technology devices to assist people with disabilities in
achieving greater independence. Rehabilitation Technologists
assess the needs of individuals with disabilities and the requirements
of the environment or setting, then they design and develop solutions,
often customizing commercially available products and assistive devices
to suit the need of the individual. The devices may be mechanical, electronic
or digital (computerized). Once the modifications have been made, they
evaluate the success of their solutions.
Psychologists perform psychological, neuropsychological, vocational
and/or clinical evaluation of people with mental illness or other disabilities
to determine strengths and weaknesses that may affect long-term personal,
social, and vocational adjustment and adaptation to disability. Such information
may also contribute to treatment, interdisciplinary planning or disability
determination. Rehabilitation Psychologists may provide counseling and
psychotherapy to help individuals cope with mental illness or another
disability, and with daily living issues. In the academic area, they may
perform independent clinical work and research or join the faculty of
Pathologists work with people of all ages to address a variety
of speech, language, voice, swallowing, and cognitive problems that may
result from such conditions as stroke, brain injury, degenerative disease,
learning disability, and attention deficit disorder. Speech-Language Pathologists
are responsible for evaluation, goal setting, treatment implementation,
patient and family education and reintegration of patients. The goal is
to improve patient skills so they may function in their environment to
the best of their ability.
out more about Vocational Rehabilitation